If you need to write an abstract (in translation – “abstract, summary, abstract”) to a scientific article or report, do not panic; your abstract is simply a summary of work or article that others can use as a review. It will help your reader understand what the article is about, and with its help, people will be able to find a specific job and decide if it is suitable for achieving their goals. If you look at the abstract simply as a summary of what you have already written, it is very easy to do!
How to start an abstraction?
First, write the actual research paper. Despite the fact that the abstract is at the beginning of work, it performs the function of a summary of the entire article. This is not an introduction to your topic, but a review of everything you wrote in the article.
Entry and abstraction are completely different things. The entry in the article represents the main idea or question, while the abstract serves to review the entire article, including methods and results.
Even if you think that you know what your article will be about, always save the referencing for last. You can create a much more accurate resume if you just do this – briefly state what you have already written.
Review and understand all the requirements for writing an abstract. The abstract you are working on is most likely asked at school or assigned to write at work. Thus, you should have been given specific requirements for the whole essay or abstract (annotations). Before you start writing, refer to the rules or recommendations given to you.
Identify the most important points to remember.
What is the maximum or minimum job size?
Are there any style requirements?
Do you write for a teacher or for publication?
Consider the target audience. Will your abstract be read by other scientists from your industry, or should it be accessible also to any reader and someone from another industry? Determine the type of abstract you need to write. Although all abstracts serve almost the same purpose, there are two main styles of summarization — descriptive and informative. You may have been given a specific style to follow, but if not, then you yourself will need to find the right course. Typically, informative abstracts are used for longer technical studies such as a research paper, while descriptive ones are better suited for short articles.