MLA is a formatting and citation code widely used in academic and professional writing in English. If you want to write a scientific article or publication for a journal or university in the United States or another country that uses MLA formatting, then you should follow the stylistic rules described below.
According to the MLA (Modern Languages Associations) style, when using quotations in an essay, you must specify the author’s name and page number. If you quote verses, then you have to link to verses instead of page numbers. Unlike the APA style, you do not have to indicate the year in which the quote was written in the main text of your essay, although you will have to indicate it on the detailed reference page at the very end of the essay.
Give short quotes. According to the MLA style, a short quote is anything that is less than four printed lines of prose or three poetic lines. If your quotation meets these requirements regarding length, then you just need to 1) take the quotation in double quotes, 2) specify the author’s last name 3) specify the page number. You can insert the author’s name before the quote or place it in parentheses after the quote. You can simply write the page number at the end without using the “p”, etc. for page designation.
The quotation must begin with the introductory text; Do not insert a quote without introductory text, otherwise readers may not understand what’s what. Use the multi-word preface to insert a quote, then open the quotes and enter the quote in them; After that, indicate the author’s name and page number in brackets and put a period (or another punctuation mark) at the end of the sentence. Here is an example:
According to some critics, the writer’s texts “almost died in the 21st century” (Smith, 200).
You can also mention the author’s name in the text instead of writing it in brackets at the end. There is another way to do this:
Jones argues: “it is proven that people who read writer texts sympathize with others more” (85).
You can also quote a quotation with an introduction, and then comment on it like this:
Many are convinced that “doing any kind of sport is a waste of time”, (Lane 50), while others completely disagree with them.
If the original quote is a punctuation mark, then you will have to put it in the quote:
The protagonist, Henry Harrison, always starts his day, saying, “What a wonderful morning!” (Granger 12).